|Journal of Biological Chemistry (2010) 285:13736-41|
|Northeast Structural Genomics Consortium|
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Alkyltransferase-like proteins (ATLs) are a novel class of DNA repair proteins related to O(6)-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferases (AGTs) that tightly bind alkylated DNA and shunt the damaged DNA into the nucleotide excision repair pathway. ...
Here, we present the first structure of a bacterial ATL, from Vibrio parahaemolyticus (vpAtl). We demonstrate that vpAtl adopts an AGT-like fold and that the protein is capable of tightly binding to O(6)-methylguanine-containing DNA and disrupting its repair by human AGT, a hallmark of ATLs. Mutation of highly conserved residues Tyr(23) and Arg(37) demonstrate their critical roles in a conserved mechanism of ATL binding to alkylated DNA. NMR relaxation data reveal a role for conformational plasticity in the guanine-lesion recognition cavity. Our results provide further evidence for the conserved role of ATLs in this primordial mechanism of DNA repair.
|metabolism chemistry genetics enzymology physiology analogs & derivatives |
|Humans Protein Folding DNA Amino Acid Substitution DNA Repair Guanine Mutation, Missense Alkyl and Aryl Transferases Vibrio parahaemolyticus |
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