|Journal of Biological Chemistry (2009) 284:7307-17|
|Northeast Structural Genomics Consortium|
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We previously demonstrated that salicylic acid-binding protein 2 (SABP2) of tobacco is an integral component of systemic acquired resistance (SAR). ...
SABP2 is a methyl salicylate (MeSA) esterase that has high affinity for SA, which feedback inhibits its esterase activity. MeSA esterase activity is required in distal, healthy tissue of pathogen-infected plants to hydrolyze MeSA, which functions as a long-distance, phloem-mobile SAR signal; this hydrolysis releases the biologically active defense hormone SA. In this study, we examined the inhibitory interaction of SA with SABP2, and identified a synthetic SA analog, 2,2,2,2'-tetra-f luoroacetophenone (tetraFA) that, like SA, competitively inhibits the activity of SABP2 and targets esterases, which utilize MeSA as a substrate. However, in contrast to SA, tetraFA does not induce downstream defense responses and, therefore, is effective in planta at blocking SAR development in tobacco mosaic virus (TMV)-infected tobacco and Pseudomonas syringae-infected Arabidopsis. These results confirm the importance of SABP2 and MeSA for SAR development in tobacco and establish similar roles for MeSA and the orthologs of SABP2 in Arabidopsis. Moreover, they demonstrate that tetraFA can be used to determine whether MeSA and its corresponding esterase(s) play a role in SAR signaling in other plant species. In planta analyses using tetraFA, in conjunction with leaf detachment assays and MeSA quantification, were used to assess the kinetics with which MeSA is generated in pathogen-infected leaves, transmitted through the phloem, and processed in the distal healthy leaves. In TMV-infected tobacco, these studies revealed that critical amounts of MeSA are generated, transmitted, and processed between 48 and 72 h post primary infection.
|virology microbiology metabolism pharmacology |
|Plant Diseases Esterases Time Factors Arabidopsis Plant Proteins Tobacco Tobacco Mosaic Virus Pseudomonas syringae Salicylates Phloem |
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